Water, or H20, is perhaps the most important compound on the face of the earth. It is responsible for sustaining practically all forms of life on the planet, and has played an integral role in transportation, agriculture, and hydro-electric power. Yet, as simple or common as water may seem, there are many interesting things about it that are often overlooked by the average person. The following list will detail 25 interesting water facts that most people never consider.
Worldwide water facts
1. Since the ecosystem of the world is a closed system, the water in our oceans, lakes and rivers never escapes the earth. Therefore, the water on earth today is the same as that which existed millions of years ago.
2. Approximately 70% of the earth’s surface is covered by water.
3. Another unknown water fact is that approximately 326 million cubic miles of water exists on the earth’s surface.
4. Despite facts #2 and #3 above, there is a larger quantity of water existing in under ground sources than is found in all the lakes, rivers and oceans at the earth’s surface.
5. Practically all the water consumed by humans comes from underground sources.
Water Use Facts
6. Water use statistics show that the U.S. population uses over 346,000 million gallons of water each day.
7. Each household member in the U.S. uses anywhere from 80 to 100 gallons of water each day.
Water wasting facts
8. Water wasting facts show that the typical U.S. resident dedicates a large portion of his or her daily water use to flushing the toilet.
Water Usage Facts
9. The majority (approximately 80%) of the water used by the U.S. is consumed for thermoelectric power and agriculture.
11. Only around 15% of U.S. residents actually get water from a personal source, such as a well on their property.
Water and our Bodies
13. Newborn babies have a higher content of water in their bodies. Around 80% of the newborn’s body is composed of water.This also means that infants don’t require the amount of water that adults and children do. Water intoxication is common when parents don’t understand how much water a baby can drink.
14. One of the interesting biological water facts holds that whenever someone begins to experience thirst, it is because they have lost over 1% of water from the body.
Water is usually lost through urination or sweat.
15. Many people don’t know that humans don’t actually need to drink eight glasses of water each day. The recommended amount of eight glasses also includes water consumed from other sources, such as food or juice. Thus, it is not necessary to actually drink 8 cups of pure water to satisfy the body’s daily need.
Drinking too Much Water
16. One of the things about water that surprise many people is that drinking too much is actually harmful to human health. Over indulging in water can lead to water intoxication, which can lead to death.
17. A normal person can drink up to 3 gallons of water on a daily basis without suffering the effects of water intoxication.
Water Chemistry Facts
18. Water, or H2O, is composed of 2 hydrogen atoms and 1 oxygen atom. This makes a great water trivia question for anyone.
19. Explanations of water facts for kids should include that water has three different phases. The three distinct phases are liquid, gas, and solid. While the liquid form is obvious, it might help to explain to kids that the solid state exists in the form of ice, and the gaseous stage occurs as steam.
20. Seawater is often referred to as saltwater because it actually contains 1.2oz of salt per Kg.
22. Another one of the interesting water facts is that water expands when it cools. This process occurs when the temperature of water goes from 4 degrees Celsius to 0 degrees Celsius.
Water Shortage Facts
23. Although it seems that water is abundant, there is a water shortage in the world. It is estimated that approximately 780 million people worldwide lack access to drinkable water.
25. Water use facts show that 37 gallons of water are used to produce and process the amount of coffee beans needed to make a single cup of coffee. To add insult to injury, the water used to process the beans becomes waste water, which also contributes its share of problems to the environment.
After reading the above list of facts about water, one is sure to have a greater appreciation for this substance instead of merely taking it for granted. It feels like we as a society don’t care enough about the future of our world when it comes to the importance of water waste.Learning facts about water use and water wasting is to teach everyone about the importance of conserving this precious resource. It may also inspire future generations to solve the water shortage in the world, so that all humans may benefit from clean water sources.
Water Pollution Facts
26. One of the main causes of water pollution is the dumping of waste into waterways by industrial sites. In fact, approximately seventy percent of industrial waste is deposited into some sort of water source.
35. By the year 2025, it is predicted that around 3.5 billion people worldwide will suffer from extreme shortages of water.
36. An astounding 46% of lakes in the U.S. are so polluted that they are unsafe for activities such as swimming or fishing.
37. The widespread use of pesticides in the U.S. is a contributing factor to contaminated waters. The run-off from pesticides invades fresh groundwater. When figuring how to reduce water pollution, lessening the reliance on pesticides would have a significant effect.
38. Over 1.5 million tons of nitrogen pollution is transported to the gulf of Mexico every year by the Mississippi River. The introduction of nitrogen and other chemicals into this major waterway is due to runoff and groundwater contamination from fertilizers.
40. Water borne diseases are responsible for killing a child every 20 seconds.
41. Australia’s King River is on the list of the most polluted rivers on earth. The amount of pollution there is so deadly that over 1 million birds and mammals have died after contact with the water.
42. On an international scale, polluted waters kill between 5 to 10 million people annually.
43. Half of the world’s hospital beds (on any given day) are filled with people who are sick from water based diseases.
44. The U.S. uses 25% of the water resources in the world, despite only being 5% of word’s population.
45. The U.S. contributes a whopping 30% of the waste produced on the planet.
46. The typical groundwater source has around 73 different contaminants.
47. Only 28% of the streams in the U.S. are considered to be healthy ecosystems. New York State decided it was cheaper and easier to prevent water pollution, than to treat the dirty water. It decided to spend $1 billion to restore the watershed that provided the City’s drinking water, rather than spend over $8 billion on a water treatment facility.
49. Every year, around 25% of beaches in the U.S. are closed or subject to advisories due to water contamination.
50. The most polluted river in all of Europe is the Sarno, which passes through the town of Pompeii in Italy.
A chemical foam can be seen floating at the surface of the river, this is due to large scale dumping of agricultural and industrial waste directly into the river. The residents near the river have seen an increase in pollution related illnesses in recent years. The problem is getting worse.
The above facts accurately depict the world’s problems with water based pollution. Anyone wondering what is water pollution should have a sound understanding after previewing the preceding information.
The next question, of course, is how to prevent water pollution?
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